E/MS Unit I

Unit Vocabulary List

adulteress: a married woman having sexual relations with a man who is not her husband
ambush: surprise attack
appointed: agreed on
artificially: cleverly, well
barricade: barrier, in this case to protect from wind
bass: type of fish
be multiplied: have children
benevolence: kindness
bestow: give
binding: tieing up
boughs: branches
bushel: about 32 quarts
catechise: teach religion to
cleaving: remaining true to
coasted: searched
command: give
commence: begin
compacted: built close together
compassed: gone around
consultation: discussion
contend with: struggle with
constrained: forced
corslet: clothing worn to protect upper body
counsel: advice
Covenant: agreement
creek: stream
deemed them: thought they were
degrade: to make someone feel lower
degraded: made to feel less worthy
dextrous: skilled with hands
discharge: fire
discourse: speech
display: commotion
dwell: live
dwellings: homes
endeared: loved
engraven: printed
enlightened: well informed
espied: saw
eulogy: speech or writing in praise of someone who has died
exploits: actions
fit for plow: good for farming
foe: enemy
foresaken: abandoned
garrison: building fortified against attack
hard by: close to
harkened: listened
heathen: person who does not practice Christianity
immortal: never to be forgotten
inhabitants: people who live there
injured: wronged
keep his commandments: obey his commandments
league: about 3 miles
lieth: lies
make satisfaction: to pay or compensate
martyr: someone who dies for a cause
mischief: harm or trouble
mortar: cement-like material
musing: wondering
musket: gun
Newtown: original name for Cambridge
odious: offensive, disrespectful
ordinance: sacrament or ceremony established by God
overseers: individuals appointed to manage Mashpee affairs
paled in: surrounded by
parley: talk
perfidious: deceitful, treacherous
perish: die
plain ground: flat land
plantation: land [in this context]
portion: share of an inheritance
preeminence: first rights [in this context]
privileges: rights [in this context]
propound: ask
propounded: told, made clear, set forth
proprietors: owners
purposing: planning
put to flight: made them run
ransack: destroy
redress: make right
rendezvous: gathering, meeting
repair: go
resolutions: decisions
resolved: agreed to
rod: 5.5 yards
rude: simple, primitive
sachem: leader of a Native American tribe
savage: "uncivilized" or "primitive" person
secures: protects
sentinel: guard
sepulcher: burial place, grave
shallop: small sailboat
shower of hail: bullets
sprit: branch, perhaps tree
stock: animals
strewed: spread, scattered
stubble: cut stalks left over from last harvest
succeeding plantations: later settlements or colonies
superfluities: things that are not necessary
trace: tracks or prints
treacherous: not to be trusted
treaty: agreement between nations
veneration: great respect
vindicate: clear of blame
wanton: immoral
wax: act
waylay: to lie in wait
whelmed: covering
white mischief: harm

Mass Moments is a project of Mass Humanities, whose mission is to support programs that use history, literature, philosophy, and the other humanities disciplines to enhance and improve civic life throughout the Commonwealth.

Please consider helping us towards our goals with a donation today.

Interested in sponsoring Mass Moments?

Please add 6 and 7.