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Phillis is Enslaved by the Wheatley Family

July 11, 1761
July 11, 1761

Phillis is Enslaved by the Wheatley Family

On this day in 1761, John Wheatley, a successful merchant, purchased a frail African girl off a slave ship in Boston. The Wheatleys named her Phillis, after the vessel that had brought her across the Atlantic...

Revere Beach Opens

July 12, 1896
July 12, 1896

Revere Beach Opens

On this day in 1896, 45,000 people gathered in Revere to celebrate the opening of the first public beach in the nation. In 1895 the newly-created Metropolitan Parks Commission had taken ownership of the longest...

Quincy Shipyard Launches First Nuclear Powered Cruiser

July 14, 1959
July 14, 1959

Quincy Shipyard Launches First Nuclear Powered Cruiser

On this day in 1959, the nation's first nuclear-powered cruiser was launched from Fore River Shipyard in Quincy. With its deep and sheltered harbor, Quincy was an ideal site for shipbuilding. Men had been building...

William Pynchon Buys Land for Springfield

July 15, 1635
July 15, 1635

William Pynchon Buys Land for Springfield

On this day in 1636, William Pynchon received the deed giving him title to most of what is now Springfield, Longmeadow, and Agawam. In exchange, he paid the local Agawam Indians 18 fathoms of wampum,...

Percy Spencer, Inventor of Microwave Oven, Born

July 19, 1894
July 19, 1894

Percy Spencer, Inventor of Microwave Oven, Born

On this day in 1894, Percy Spencer, the self-taught scientist who discovered the power of microwave technology, was born. With an endlessly curious mind, Spencer spent much of his early life figuring out how things...

First Train Reaches Provincetown

July 22, 1873
July 22, 1873

First Train Reaches Provincetown

On this day in 1873, the first train arrived at the tip of Cape Cod. The streets were bedecked with flags and streamers as 13 bright yellow coach cars, filled to capacity, pulled into Provincetown....

Foster Furcolo, State's First Italian American Governor, Born

July 29, 1911
July 29, 1911

Foster Furcolo, State's First Italian American Governor, Born

On this day in 1911, Foster Furcolo was born in New Haven. Raised in Connecticut and educated at Yale, Furcolo moved to Springfield after World War II. In 1948 he won a seat in the...

Boston Masons Organize First Grand Lodge in America

July 30, 1733
July 30, 1733

Boston Masons Organize First Grand Lodge in America

On this day in 1733, 18 men gathered at the Bunch of Grapes Tavern on King Street in Boston and organized the first Masonic Lodge in North America. The fraternal society was based loosely on...

Red Sox Retire Yastrzemski's Number

August 6, 1989
August 6, 1989

Red Sox Retire Yastrzemski's Number

On this day in 1989, the Boston Red Sox retired Carl Yastrzemski's Number 8. Only 20 years old when he took over for the great Ted Williams in left field in 1961, he went on...

J.F.K. Signs Bill Creating Cape Cod National Seashore

August 7, 1961
August 7, 1961

J.F.K. Signs Bill Creating Cape Cod National Seashore

On this day in 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed a bill authorizing the establishment of Cape Cod National Seashore. A long-time summer resident of the Cape, J.F.K. had co-sponsored the legislation while in the...