The plan of the Community, as an Economy, is in brief this; for all who have property to take stock, and receive a fixed interest thereon; then to keep house or board in commons, as they shall severally desire, at the cost of provisions purchased at wholesale, or raised on the farm; and for all to labor in community, and be paid at a certain rate an hour, choosing their own number of hours, and their own kind of work . . . To perfect this economy, in the course of time they must have all trades, and all modes of business carried on among themselves, from the lowest mechanical trade, which contributes to the health and comfort of life, to the finest art which adorns it with food or drapery for the mind. All labor, whether bodily or intellectual, is to be paid at the same rate of wages. . . .
After becoming members of this community, none will be engaged merely in bodily labor. The hours of labor for the Association will be limited by a general law, . . . and means will be given to all for intellectual improvement and for social intercourse, calculated to refine and expand . . . This community aims to be rich, not in the metallic representative of wealth, but in the wealth itself, which money should represent; namely LEISURE TO LIVE IN ALL THE FACULTIES OF THE SOUL."
From "Plan of the West Roxbury Community" by Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, in The Dial 2 (January 1842), quoted in The Blithedale Romance by Nathaniel Hawthorne, ed. by William E. Cain (Bedford Books, 1996).