The Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony tried Roger Williams and found him guilty of holding four "New and Dangerous Opinions Against the Authority of Magistrates." Whereas, Mr. Roger Williams, one of the elders of the Church of Salem, hath broached and divulged divers new and dangerous opinions against the authority of magistrates and . . . yet maintaineth the same without retraction, it is therefore ordered, that the said Mr. Williams shall depart out of this jurisdiction within six weeks now ensuing..Mr. Williams holds forth these four particulars;1st. That we have not our land by patent from the King, but that the natives are the true owners of it, and that we ought to repent of such a receiving of it by patent.2nd. That it is not lawful to call a wicked person to swear, to pray, as being actions of God's worship.3rd. That it is not lawful to hear any of the ministers of the parish assemblies in England.4th. That the civil magistrate's power extends only to the bodies and goods, and outward state of men. . .
Quoted in Sermons and Addresses, Delivered by W. Bishop Johnson African American Perspectives, 1818-1907