Excerpts from the Diary of Private Gibson Clough, a Massachusetts provincial soldier in the Regiment of Colonel Jonathan Bagley, stationed at Louisbourg, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia.
[30 September 1759] Cold weather. [We] hear a great talk of things uncertain and thus time spends away and so we spend our day. . . Cold weather is coming on apace, which will make us look round about us and put [on] our winter clothing, and we shall stand in need of good liquors for to keep our spirits on cold winter's days. And we, being here within stone walls, are not likely to get liquors or clothes at this time of the year; and although we be Englishmen born, we are debarred Englishmen's liberty. Therefore we now see what it is to be under martial law and to be with the regulars who are but little better than slaves to their officers. And when I get out of their [power] I shall take care of how I get in again. . .
31 [October]. And so now our time has come to an end according to enlistment, but we are not yet got home nor are like to.
November 1. The regiments was ordered out for to hear what the colonel had to say to them as our time was out and we all swore that we would do no more duty here. So it was a day of much confusion with the regiment.
2nd [November]. The regiment was turned out for duty and we all stood to it that we would not do any duty at all, for which we was all sent to the guardhouse. . . And there was a letter read to the regiment which came from the governor and Council [of Massachusetts], which informed us that we were to stay here till the first of December or till we have news from General Amherst, which I hope will be very soon for our redemption from this garrison.
3rd [November] The regiment was turned out for to hear their doom for denying their duty and for sending a round robin [petition] to the colonel desiring him to get us sent home according to enlistment, which they say was mutiny. But it was all forgave by the [military governor of Louisbourg], and a detachment of 140 embarked on board the ship Oliver, a transport bound to Boston. And the three regular regiments was drawn up on the grand parade; so was our regiment, all but the prisoners. And they were brought up by four files of men and place[d] in the center and the general made a speech to them. The Articles of War was read to us and the letter that come from Boston, and then the colonel made a speech to us and told us that we was to stay one month more at least, and more if wanted."
Quoted in A People's Army: Massachusetts Soldiers & Society in the Seven Year's War, by Fred Anderson, (Institution of Early American History and Culture, 1984).