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E/MS Unit I: Two Cultures Collide: Early Relations Between English Settlers and Indigenous People in Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay Colonies Lesson A: Native American Tribes and English Colonists in Early Massachusetts
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Key Questions

  1. Which native people lived in what is now Massachusetts in the early 1600s?
  2. Where did they live?
  3. Where were the English settlements located prior to 1675?
  4. How did native people sustain themselves?
  5. In general, how did English settlers view native people?
  6. What can we learn from pre-1700 maps of Massachusetts?

Activity 1: Mapping Native American Tribes and English Settlements
Activity 2: Reading Early Settlers’ Accounts
Activity 3: Examining a Land Deed
Activity 4: Examining Historic Maps for Information
Activity 5: Creative Extension - County Maps
Primary Sources
Related Mass Moments

"Pilgrim Monument Completed in Provincetown"
When the Pilgrims arrived in the New World, their first stop was present-day Provincetown, where they stayed for five weeks.

"Puritans Leave for Massachusetts"
In April 1630, 11 vessels sailed from England full of passengers bound for the brand-new Massachusetts Bay Colony.

"William Pynchon Buys Land for Springfield"
After purchasing land from the Agawam Indians, Pynchon established a fur trading post on the Connecticut River.