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April 18, 1942: G.E. Engineers Test Jet Engine

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State House Celebrates "Return of the Colors": December 22, 1865
On this day in 1865, Governor John Andrew officially received the battered regimental colors of Massachusetts units of the Union Army in a solemn State...

Coast Guard Cutter Collides with Navy Submarine: December 17, 1927
On this day in 1927, a Navy submarine, S-4, and a Coast Guard cutter collided within sight of Provincetown. The cutter's bow sliced into the submarine's...

WW II Sends Record Number of Bay State Women to Work: December 7, 1941
On this day in 1941, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor launched the people of Massachusetts into World War II — and out of the Depression....

Edward Everett Gives Gettysburg Address: November 19, 1863
On this day in 1863, Edward Everett spoke at the dedication of Gettysburg's National Cemetery, giving what is remembered today as the other Gettysburg...

Boston Tea Party Raider Born: November 17, 1738
On this day in 1736, David Kinnison was born in Old Kingston, Maine. An early convert to the cause of American independence, he participated in the dumping...

Mercy Otis Marries James Warren: November 14, 1754
On this day in 1754, Mercy Otis of Barnstable and James Warren of Plymouth began their remarkable 54-year partnership. When she married into a family...

Revolutionary War Commander Artemas Ward Dies: October 28, 1800
On this day in 1800, the man who commanded the ragtag American force that chased the British Regulars back to Boston following the battles of Lexington...

USS Constitution Launched in Boston: October 21, 1797
On this day in 1797, USS Constitution was launched in Boston. It took three attempts to set the immense ship, reinforced with heavy diagonal planking...

Balloonist Takes First Aerial Photograph: October 8, 1860
On this day in 1860, Boston newspapers carried an advertisement for an extraordinary event: photographer James Wallace Black would photograph Boston from...

Duxbury Dedicates Standish Monument: October 7, 1872
On this day in 1872, a crowd of 10,000 climbed to the top of Captain's Hill in Duxbury to watch the cornerstone being laid for the Myles Standish...

Massachusetts Soldiers Threaten Mutiny: September 30, 1759
On this day in 1759, a regiment of Massachusetts men serving in the French and Indian War began to talk of mutiny against their British commander. The...

Amherst’s Troops Camp on Boston Common: September 18, 1758
On this day in 1758, 4,500 British troops under the command of Jeffrey Amherst camped on Boston Common before setting off to fight the French. Newly promoted...

Fitchburg Forms Ladies Soldier's Aid Society: September 16, 1861
On this day in 1861, more than 100 women in the central Massachusetts town of Fitchburg formed a Ladies Soldier's Aid Society. The organization's...

Boston Lighthouse Lit for the First Time: September 14, 1716
On this day in 1716, Boston Light on Little Brewster Island was lit for the first time. The first lighthouse built in North America, the structure weathered...

Washington Commissions First Naval Officer: September 2, 1775
On this day in 1775, General George Washington commissioned Nicholson Broughton captain "in the Army of the United Colonies of North America."...

Lucy Terry Prince Composes Poem: August 28, 1748
On this day in 1746, Lucy Terry Prince was among the residents of Deerfield traumatized by an Abenaki raid on the village. Lucy, an enslaved woman, described...

Flu Epidemic Begins in Boston: August 27, 1918
On this day in 1918, two sailors housed at Boston's Commonwealth Pier reported to sickbay. The men were the first Americans stricken with a strain...

Revenue Cutter Service School Established in New Bedford: July 31, 1876
On this day in 1876, Congress established at New Bedford the first School of Instruction to train officers for the Revenue Service. The Service traced...

Abenaki Warriors Attack Groton: July 27, 1694
On this day in 1694, Abenaki warriors raided the frontier town of Groton, on the western edge of Middlesex County. Striking at daybreak, they killed 20...

German U-Boat Attacks Cape Cod: July 21, 1918
On this day in 1918, people in the Cape Cod town of Orleans were astonished to see a German U-boat surface offshore and begin firing on an unarmed tugboat...

Quincy Shipyard Launches First Nuclear Powered Cruiser: July 14, 1959
On this day in 1959, the nation's first nuclear-powered cruiser was launched from Fore River Shipyard in Quincy. With its deep and sheltered harbor,...

Anti-war Activists Sentenced to Prison: July 10, 1968
On this day in 1968, four men were sentenced to federal prison for counseling young men to refuse military service. Dubbed the Boston Five, the defendants...

King Philip's War Breaks Out: June 24, 1675
On this day in 1675, Wampanoag warriors killed seven colonists in Swansea in retaliation for a series of injustices suffered at the hands of the English....

Bostonians Lay Cornerstone for Bunker Hill Monument: June 17, 1825
On this day in 1825, at the laying of the cornerstone of the Bunker Hill Monument, Daniel Webster addressed a crowd of 100,000, including 190 veterans...

Vietnam Veterans Arrested on Lexington Green: May 30, 1971
On this day in 1971, over 450 anti-war protesters occupied the historic Lexington Green and refused to leave. The Vietnam Veterans Against the War had...

54th Massachusetts Regiment Marches Through Boston: May 28, 1863
On this day in 1863, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, the first black regiment from the North, paraded in full dress uniform on Boston Common....

Agrippa Hull Enlists: May 1, 1777
On this day in 1777, Agrippa Hull, a freeborn black man from the Berkshire County town of Stockbridge, signed on to serve in the Continental Army for...

Springfield Armory Closes: April 30, 1968
On this day in 1968, there was great sadness in Springfield as the city's historic armory closed its doors after nearly two centuries as the leading...

Annie Oakley Purchases Smith & Wesson Gun: April 25, 1888
On this day in 1888, Annie Oakley, the star female sharpshooter in Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show, purchased a Model 3 handgun made by the Springfield...

Battle Begins on Lexington Common: April 19, 1775
On this day in 1775, the first shots were fired in the cause of American independence. In Ralph Waldo Emerson's famous poem, "the shot heard...

G.E. Engineers Test Jet Engine: April 18, 1942
On this day in 1942, after months of highly secret work, GE engineers in Lynn successfully tested the engine they called by the innocuous name "I-A."...

"John Howe" Spies on Concord — or Not: April 11, 1775
On this day in 1775, John Howe arrived in Concord to spy for British General Gage. He quickly gained the trust of the town's leading patriots. They...

Deborah Sampson Performs in Boston: March 26, 1802
On this day in 1802, a performance of "The American Heroine" took place in a fashionable Boston theater. The audience watched spellbound...

Boston Celebrates First Evacuation Day: March 17, 1901
On this day in 1901, the City of Boston officially celebrated Evacuation Day for the first time. In early March of 1776, Continental troops managed to...

Five Die in Boston Massacre: March 5, 1770
On this day in 1770, Crispus Attucks, a black man from Framingham, and four other civilians were shot dead by British soldiers. Attucks worked on whaling...

William Dawes Dies: February 25, 1799
On this day in 1799, William Dawes died. The first man to be dispatched on the night of April 18, 1775, Dawes carried the same message as Paul Revere,...

Natick Established: February 19, 1781
On this day in 1781, Natick was formally incorporated, but the town already had a long history. In 1651, a group of Christianized Indians had founded...

News of Peace Treaty Reaches Boston: February 12, 1815
On this day in 1815, news reached Boston that the War of 1812 was over. The U.S. had at first been a neutral party in a conflict between Britain and France....

Abigail Adams Knows: February 2, 1775
On this day in 1775, Abigail Adams wrote sadly "the Die is Cast . . . The Sword is now our only yet dreadful alternative." The day before,...

Native American Writer Born: January 31, 1798
On this day in 1798, a Pequot Indian named William Apess was born in Colrain, a village in western Massachusetts. Although his childhood was marked by...

Julia Ward Howe Elected to American Academy of Arts: January 28, 1908
On this day in 1908, 89-year-old Julia Ward Howe became the first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Howe lived most of her long...

Rebels Attack Springfield Arsenal: January 25, 1787
On this day in 1787, 2,000 farmers from western Massachusetts attacked the new federal arsenal at Springfield. The government soldiers returned fire,...

Henry Knox Brings Cannon to Boston: January 24, 1776
On this day in 1776, Colonel Henry Knox reached the headquarters of the Continental Army in Cambridge. The young Boston bookseller had pulled off a daring...

Indian Boys Arrive in Longmeadow: January 23, 1800
On this day in 1800, Thomas Thorakwaneken Williams arrived in Longmeadow with his two young sons, Eleazer and John. Thomas was the grandson of Eunice...

Sixth Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment Organized: January 21, 1861
On this day in 1861, the Sixth Massachusetts Volunteer Militia was formally organized. With war approaching, men who worked in the textile cities of Lowell...

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