Mass Moments http://www.massmoments.org/ A daily almanac of Massachusetts history 1440 Copyright 2006 Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities TheOtherRoom.com CFML RSS Generator Mon, 22 Dec 2014 04:00:00 EST en-us Visitors of Mass Moments--a daily almanac of Massachusetts history--can learn more about the Moments presented on the radio, see images and illustrations, read a primary source document, and get suggestions of links to follow and places to visit. Additionally, they can view a timeline to see when a given Moment occurred, and where applicable, a map to see where it happened. Visitors are invited to comment or ask questions about a Moment on our message board, thus providing an on-line community where Bay State history enthusiasts can meet and discuss our past. They can sign up to receive Mass Moments daily in their email, and if they post a question to the message board, they can be notified when someone has responded. Past Moments (those posted since January 1, 2005) are searchable, by key words, subject, time period, and region. A daily almanac of Massachusetts history. Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities Massachusetts almanac, radio program, eMoment, eMoments, Massachusetts history, Bay State, Western Mass, MA, Eastern Mass, Boston, Mass Moments, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, daily history, this day in history, today's history, today in history http://www.massmoments.org/rss/images/mass_moments_75.jpg Mass Moments http://www.massmoments.org/ info@massmoments.org Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities State House Celebrates "Return of the Colors": December 22, 1865 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=366 On this day in 1865, Governor John Andrew officially received the battered regimental colors of Massachusetts units of the Union Army in a solemn State House ceremony called "The Return of the Flags." It had been customary since revolutionary days for the governor to present each regiment about to leave for battle with its own distinctive flag, a symbol of the regiment's honor. The units carried their colors into battle, and since the 1865 ceremony, every Massachusetts regiment returning from war has presented its flag to the governor. That historic collection of over 100 flags adorns the Hall of Flags in the State House, a memorial to all Massachusetts soldiers. Mon, 22 Dec 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=366 On this day in 1865, Governor John Andrew officially received the battered regimental colors of Massachusetts units of the Union Army in a solemn State House ceremony called "The Return of the Flags." It had been customary since revolutionary days for the governor to present each regiment about to leave for battle with its own distinctive flag, a symbol of the regiment's honor. The units carried their colors into battle, and since the 1865 ceremony, every Massachusetts regiment returning from war has presented its flag to the governor. That historic collection of over 100 flags adorns the Hall of Flags in the State House, a memorial to all Massachusetts soldiers. no 0:01:00 State House Celebrates "Return of the Colors": December 22, 1865 First Game of Basketball Played in Springfield: December 21, 1891 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=365 On this day in 1891, the first game of basketball was played at what is now Springfield College. The game was invented by a Canadian, Dr. James Naismith, a versatile athlete, theologian, and physical education instructor, who envisioned "the time when Christian people would recognize the true value of athletics." He designed basketball to occupy a class of disagreeable male students at the Springfield YMCA, who were bored with the calisthenics and children's games in their gym class. The game attracted players and fans almost immediately. By 1936, basketball was included among the sports at the Olympic Games and is now played in 170 countries. The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame opened in Springfield in 1968. Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=365 On this day in 1891, the first game of basketball was played at what is now Springfield College. The game was invented by a Canadian, Dr. James Naismith, a versatile athlete, theologian, and physical education instructor, who envisioned "the time when Christian people would recognize the true value of athletics." He designed basketball to occupy a class of disagreeable male students at the Springfield YMCA, who were bored with the calisthenics and children's games in their gym class. The game attracted players and fans almost immediately. By 1936, basketball was included among the sports at the Olympic Games and is now played in 170 countries. The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame opened in Springfield in 1968. no 0:01:00 First Game of Basketball Played in Springfield: December 21, 1891 Abner Kneeland Prints Blasphemous Letter: December 20, 1833 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=364 On this day in 1833, religious and social reformer Abner Kneeland printed a letter deemed so blasphemous by a Massachusetts court that it landed the former clergyman in jail. Kneeland capped 30 years of increasingly liberal religious preaching by declaring, "Universalists believe in a god . . . that . . . is nothing more than a chimera of their own imagination." He was tried, convicted of having libeled God, and sentenced to 60 days in jail. Freethinkers such as Emerson, Garrison, and Alcott rallied, unsuccessfully, to defend his freedom of speech. Massachusetts authorities were so embarrassed by the case that, even though the law against blasphemy remains on the books, no one in the state has ever again been convicted of that offense. Sat, 20 Dec 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=364 On this day in 1833, religious and social reformer Abner Kneeland printed a letter deemed so blasphemous by a Massachusetts court that it landed the former clergyman in jail. Kneeland capped 30 years of increasingly liberal religious preaching by declaring, "Universalists believe in a god . . . that . . . is nothing more than a chimera of their own imagination." He was tried, convicted of having libeled God, and sentenced to 60 days in jail. Freethinkers such as Emerson, Garrison, and Alcott rallied, unsuccessfully, to defend his freedom of speech. Massachusetts authorities were so embarrassed by the case that, even though the law against blasphemy remains on the books, no one in the state has ever again been convicted of that offense. no 0:01:00 Abner Kneeland Prints Blasphemous Letter: December 20, 1833 Aerosmith Opens Lansdowne Street Music Hall: December 19, 1994 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=363 On this day in 1994, Boston-based rock band Aerosmith opened the Mama Kin Music Hall. In the shadow of Fenway Park, the Lansdowne Street facility enjoyed moderate success as a live music venue before the band sold its share of the business in 1999. Long after their 1970 debut gig at a Massachusetts high school, Aerosmith remains one of the more iconic representatives of modern American rock music. Despite early puritanical laws prohibiting music for secular purposes, Massachusetts has fostered some of the most innovative performers in American music history. The state is home to the oldest music conservatory in the country, the first female principal player in an American orchestra, and a rock star who is also a starting pitcher. Fri, 19 Dec 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=363 On this day in 1994, Boston-based rock band Aerosmith opened the Mama Kin Music Hall. In the shadow of Fenway Park, the Lansdowne Street facility enjoyed moderate success as a live music venue before the band sold its share of the business in 1999. Long after their 1970 debut gig at a Massachusetts high school, Aerosmith remains one of the more iconic representatives of modern American rock music. Despite early puritanical laws prohibiting music for secular purposes, Massachusetts has fostered some of the most innovative performers in American music history. The state is home to the oldest music conservatory in the country, the first female principal player in an American orchestra, and a rock star who is also a starting pitcher. no 0:01:00 Aerosmith Opens Lansdowne Street Music Hall: December 19, 1994 Architect Charles Bulfinch Obtains Mortgage: December 18, 1794 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=362 On this day in 1794, Boston architect Charles Bulfinch obtained a mortgage for the house he had recently designed and built for his family. The 31-year-old Bulfinch had donated so many plans for city churches, monuments, and public buildings that the architect seemed to be single-handedly re-creating his hometown as a place of classical beauty. A bad investment eventually sent Bulfinch to debtors' prison. The city responded by offering him a salary; for the next 20 years Bulfinch served as a city administrator, planner, and master designer. Boston was the beneficiary of the nation's first native-born professional architect. "Bulfinch's Boston" includes the State House, India Wharf, and the Ether Dome at Massachusetts General Hospital. Thu, 18 Dec 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=362 On this day in 1794, Boston architect Charles Bulfinch obtained a mortgage for the house he had recently designed and built for his family. The 31-year-old Bulfinch had donated so many plans for city churches, monuments, and public buildings that the architect seemed to be single-handedly re-creating his hometown as a place of classical beauty. A bad investment eventually sent Bulfinch to debtors' prison. The city responded by offering him a salary; for the next 20 years Bulfinch served as a city administrator, planner, and master designer. Boston was the beneficiary of the nation's first native-born professional architect. "Bulfinch's Boston" includes the State House, India Wharf, and the Ether Dome at Massachusetts General Hospital. no 0:01:00 Architect Charles Bulfinch Obtains Mortgage: December 18, 1794 Coast Guard Cutter Collides with Navy Submarine: December 17, 1927 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=361 On this day in 1927, a Navy submarine, S-4, and a Coast Guard cutter collided within sight of Provincetown. The cutter's bow sliced into the submarine's hull, sending it to the bottom of the bay within minutes. The Coast Guard and Navy immediately dispatched rescue ships and divers, but a growing nor'easter and treacherous underwater currents thwarted their attempts to rescue the six trapped survivors. By the time divers reached them again four days after the accident, all six had died. The failed rescue attempt got international media coverage, and an inquiry followed. To the outrage of many, only the captain of the submarine was held responsible for the tragedy. However, subsequent improvements in rescue equipment helped save lives in later sea disasters. Wed, 17 Dec 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=361 On this day in 1927, a Navy submarine, S-4, and a Coast Guard cutter collided within sight of Provincetown. The cutter's bow sliced into the submarine's hull, sending it to the bottom of the bay within minutes. The Coast Guard and Navy immediately dispatched rescue ships and divers, but a growing nor'easter and treacherous underwater currents thwarted their attempts to rescue the six trapped survivors. By the time divers reached them again four days after the accident, all six had died. The failed rescue attempt got international media coverage, and an inquiry followed. To the outrage of many, only the captain of the submarine was held responsible for the tragedy. However, subsequent improvements in rescue equipment helped save lives in later sea disasters. no 0:01:00 Coast Guard Cutter Collides with Navy Submarine: December 17, 1927 Fall River Church Locks Out Priest: December 16, 1884 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=360 On this day in 1884, a Fall River newspaper reported that French Canadian Roman Catholic parishioners had locked their newly-appointed priest out of their church. When the priest finally gained entry to the building, he was confined to the vestry and then threatened with further violence. The priest's "offense"? He was Irish, and the French Canadians would, as one of them proclaimed, "stand on the brink of hell" before they would submit to an Irishman. In this textile-manufacturing city, hard feelings between the more established Irish immigrants and the French Canadian newcomers ran deep, in spite of their shared religion. The quarrel was about ethnicity, class, and politics. In response to their parishioners' rejection of the Irish priest, the bishop closed the French Canadian parish. Tue, 16 Dec 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=360 On this day in 1884, a Fall River newspaper reported that French Canadian Roman Catholic parishioners had locked their newly-appointed priest out of their church. When the priest finally gained entry to the building, he was confined to the vestry and then threatened with further violence. The priest's "offense"? He was Irish, and the French Canadians would, as one of them proclaimed, "stand on the brink of hell" before they would submit to an Irishman. In this textile-manufacturing city, hard feelings between the more established Irish immigrants and the French Canadian newcomers ran deep, in spite of their shared religion. The quarrel was about ethnicity, class, and politics. In response to their parishioners' rejection of the Irish priest, the bishop closed the French Canadian parish. no 0:01:00 Fall River Church Locks Out Priest: December 16, 1884